MOMENTOUS DAY FOR THE REPUBLIC
Report by Pixel Patriot
December 15, 2016
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Official Law Enforcement Criminal Investigation for Barack Obama ID
|Emer de Vattel|
Original photograph courtesy:
Bibliothèque publique et universitaire, Neuchâtel -
Public and University Library, Neuchâtel, Switzerland
|Emer de Vattel|
|Peter Stephen du Ponceau|
i) As a French native, Du Ponceau understood Vattel's Law of Nations in its original authored version Le Droit des Gens ou Principes de la Loi Naturelle appliqués à la Conduite et aux Affaires des Nations et des Souverains.
ii) Du Ponceau fought in the American Revolution, a Captain, later Major in the Continental Army. As secretary-interpreter and aide-de-camp to Baron von Steuben at Valley Forge, he dined with General Washington three nights a week. 
iii) Du Ponceau was appointed Secretary to Robert Livingston, who was Secretary of Foreign Affairs for Congress in 1781.
iv) Du Ponceau was admitted to the Philadelphia Bar in 1785 and a leading authority on international law. As a Counsellor at Law, “his services before the Supreme Court of the United States were in frequent demand“    including cases citing Vattel and the law of nations.
v) Renowned in the field of Linguistics, Du Ponceau had a comprehensive understanding of the concepts of Vattel's Law of Nations.
vi) Du Ponceau was elected President of the American Philosophical Society in 1827. This achievement demonstrates a gifted intellect considering the great minds and philosophical luminaries that were his contemporaries in Philadelphia. 
vii) Du Ponceau was President of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, demonstrating the distinguished honor and societal esteem bestowed upon him.
viii) Du Ponceau was the first Provost of The Law Academy of Philadelphia. 
The citizens are the members of the civil society; bound to this society by certain duties, and subject to its authority, they equally participate in its advantages. The natives, or natural-born citizens, are those born in the country, of parents who are citizens.
“Naturalization may be obtained in the state courts, as well as in those of federal jurisdiction; but it can only be done in execution of a law of Congress. There are states where aliens cannot hold real property, which often makes it necessary for them to be naturalized, as by that means they become entitled to all the privileges and rights of natural born Citizens, except that they cannot be elected to the offices of President and Vice-President.” 
i) Vattel is authoritative
ii) Vattel’s Law of Nations is legally binding
iii) The breadth and scope of Vattel’s treatise
iv) the absurdity that as a matter of foreign policy, Vattel’s internationally renowned and authoritative doctrine of treaty obligations might not even be understood, such that “it should be necessary to discuss it?”
i) "The doctrine is laid down in Vattel, an author admitted to be of the highest authority on questions of international law" p.6
ii) "The principle of Vattel, rightly understood, absolutely secures the territorial sovereignty of nations in time of peace by permitting them to punish all invasions of it in their own criminal courts, and his doctrine is eminently calculated to preserve peace among all nations" p.7
iii) "But Vattel is not fairly subject to the Senator's criticism. On the contrary, he is the highest authority for the opinion we now both entertain" p.11
i) “All from other lands, who, by the terms of your laws and a compliance with their provisions become naturalized, are adopted citizens of the United States; all other persons born within the Republic, of parents owing allegiance to no other sovereignty, are natural born Citizens"  
|Congressional Globe, House of Representatives, 37th, 2nd Session, p.1639 (1862)|
ii) “I find no fault with the introductory clause, which is simply declaratory of what is written in the Constitution, that every human being born within the jurisdiction of the United States of parents not owing allegiance to any foreign sovereignty is, in the language of your Constitution itself, a natural born Citizen”  
|Congressional Globe, House of Representatives, 39th Congress, 1st Session, p.1291 (1866)|
iii) “That Dr. Houard is a natural-born citizen of the United States there is not room for the shadow of a doubt. He was born of naturalized parents within the jurisdiction of the United States, and by the express words of the Constitution, as amended to-day, he is declared to all the world to be a citizen of the United States by birth.”  
|Congressional Globe, House of Representatives, 42nd Congress, 2nd Session, p.2791 (1872)|
"Whatever agents of the British government, whether official or unofficial, acting voluntarily or by orders, have participated in such acts, are not only guilty of a criminal infraction of the statute law, but also, in the language of Vattel, of violating one of the most sacred rights of the nation." 
|United States: Department of Justice|
Opinion of the Attorney General
“The fundamentals of governments and the constitutions of nations, political relations between nations and the princes, trade relations and other interests that unite or divide the states, all that has changed since Vattel wrote.”
“If men, through fear, fraud, or mistake, should in terms renounce or give up any essential natural right, the eternal law of reason and the grand end of society would absolutely vacate such renunciation.”  
"In the fifth article, where, among other things, the qualifications of the delegates from the several states are described, there is no mention of any oath, test, or declaration, to be taken or made by them previous to their admission to seats in Congress. It is indeed to be presumed the respective states will be careful that the delegates they send to assist in managing the general interest of the union, take the oaths to the government from which they derive their authority, but as the United States, collectively considered, have interests, as well as each particular state, we are of opinion that some test or obligation binding upon each delegate while he continues in the trust, to consult and pursue the former as well as the latter, and particularly to assent to no vote or proceeding which may violate the general confederation, is necessary. The laws and usages of all civilized nations evince the propriety of an oath on such occasions; and the more solemn and important the deposit, the more strong and explicit ought the obligation to be." 
|Impeachment Trial of President Andrew Johnson|
Washington, D.C., February 25th, 1868
"I ask you, Senators, to consider that we stand this day pleading for the violated majesty of the law, by the graves of a half million of martyred hero-patriots who made death beautiful by the sacrifice of themselves for their country, the Constitution, and the laws, and who by their sublime example have taught us that all must obey the law; that none are above the law; that no man lives for himself alone, but each for all; that some must die that the State may live ; that the citizen is at best but for to day, while the Commonwealth is for all time; and that position, however high, patronage, however powerful, cannot be permitted to shelter crime to the peril of the Republic."   
15. Only a natural-born Citizen of the United States can become President or Vice-President of the United States.